Neolithic period of Andros: Ship's engravement at Stavropeda (4500 a.C)Neolithic period of Andros: Ship's engravement at Stavropeda (4500 b.C)
Taxiarches church 11th century: Pitrofos vilage in Andros island.Taxiarches church of 11th century: Pitrofos vilage in Andros island.
Stone constructions Named  with Stone constructions: Named 'xerolithies' with 'stimata'

Andros is an island famous for its shipping history is not widely known in the world for other reasons. By the movement set up by the museums is becoming known to a selected audience. But few «foreign», other than themselves the habitans of the island know the real island. And there was never at the forefront of history. The only time in history may remember somebody especialy from Greece, is the famous naval battle of the Kavo Doro, where Lambros Katsonis who had a great disaster. Many important personalities come from Andros. Among them we mention the great filosopher Theophilos Kairis, and the guru of internet Michael Dertouzos. Andros is not like other islands of the Cyclades. There is an oddity which currently makes up the island is actually several islands, many worlds different. The mountains and deep valleys separating not only the landscape and people. So on the island, there are many cultures, many ways of leaving, many languages and pronunciations that somebody would not expect, nor imagined that it would meet.  

But what is the actual format of the Island? 

It is certainly not one with the range of Gavrio until Batsi with foreign tourists in the summer and the Athenians at weekends. The real picture is an agricultural island as shaped by the time set foot on the island the first inhabitant. The maritime picture is coming after the end of the 18th century and in located areas of the island mostly at Chora and Stenies vilages. Very recently the marine profession is spread in the whole island and Andros will be known as «marine» Andros. 

Nevertheless, the island will remain until today the agriculture-livestock character. The sailors will not forget the earth and often alternates from one area (maritime) to another (agriculture). Surely this behavore follows the long tradition of employment with the land. 

An agricultural employment had made the island famous before. Silk. This was valuable money with exports even in Balkans. Unfortunately, the disease of silkworm cultivation destroyed in the late 19th century. In addition, however, the silk, there were always different crops for the survival of its inhabitants. One of the crops were olives. 

The cultivation of olive trees in Andros has never been anything other than the diet of the inhabitants. So never foreign merchants had to visit Andros, especially the French who needed the oil for soap of Marseille. 
The Felix Bozour in late 18th century it came to Greece and the Ottoman records of business opportunities. Visits and writes about the oil and the cultivation in Attica. But the island Andros which was next to Attica was never mentioned for this. So even with the lack of information we can get insight Andros. Andros had nothing important for commercial exploitation than silk. 

This lack of marketing does not create pressure for renewal on techniques. And it seems quite primitive methods kept surviving in memory as the «rock» or the pressure of the olive paste. 

The cultivation of olive trees in Andros, described as one of the main dietary sources of local residents and keep up the times post-processing techniques and ancient ways of farming. 
Nevertheless, there is something that makes the cultivation of olive trees in Andros stand out and eventually be extremely important. This is the actual name of the tree. It is the «laino», the olive tree, and the words «kosinas» or «kosini», for the wild olive tree. 

The word «laino» comes from the Homeric «elaino», which is a name of the olive wood and the word kosini from the «kotinos», which is the wreath of wild olive, prize for competitions. The survival of these two words together in Andros, make the minor, by the way, olive cultivation on the island, extremely important for the continuity of our civilization.